Phytoplankton-zooplankton coupling in a cascade of hypertrophic fishponds

Submitted: 26 May 2023
Accepted: 21 August 2023
Published: 21 September 2023
Abstract Views: 1088
PDF: 238
Supplementary: 18
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In Central Europe, a significant proportion of shallow lake ecosystems are represented by artificial fishponds, where phytoplankton and zooplankton are an essential part of the food web. Owing to their high fish stocks and intensive fishery management, most fishponds are now eutrophic or hypertrophic, which has had clear impacts on plankton assemblages. To obtain a better understanding of phytoplankton-zooplankton coupling in fishponds, this study examines their ecological relationships in a cascade of three small fishponds over two subsequent years. In all, 133 phytoplankton taxa were recorded, mostly chlorophytes, diatoms and euglenophytes, and 60 zooplankton taxa. Multivariate analysis revealed dissolved oxygen content, dissolved inorganic nitrogen and biochemical oxygen demand as the main factors influencing phytoplankton biomass, while the most significant environment variables affecting zooplankton composition were dissolved oxygen, phosphate concentrations and conductivity. Co-correspondence analysis revealed a significant relationship between phytoplankton and zooplankton density, with cross-correlations from 76% to 87% within the first four axes. Such a high cross-correlation denotes a strong relationship between phytoplankton and zooplankton, even within the hypertrophic conditions determining fishpond ecosystems.



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Edited by

Diego Fontaneto, National Research Council, Water Research Institute (CNR-IRSA), Verbania Pallanza, Italy

Supporting Agencies

National Agency for Agricultural Research

How to Cite

Radojičić, Marija, Michal Šorf, Barbora Müllerová, and Radovan Kopp. 2023. “Phytoplankton-Zooplankton Coupling in a Cascade of Hypertrophic Fishponds”. Journal of Limnology 82 (1).