Cyclopoid and calanoid copepod biodiversity in Indonesia

  • Victor R. Alekseev | valekseev2@yahoo.com Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation.
  • Douglas G. Haffner University of Windsor, Canada.
  • James J. Vaillant University of Windsor, Canada.
  • Fatimah M. Yusoff Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia.

Abstract

Recent limnological investigations conducted on the large lakes of Indonesia provide valuable physical and ecological data for future environmental and developmental programmes, yet few studies have focused on zooplankton taxonomy. Here we describe Eucyclops troposperatus Alekseev et Yusoff n. sp. from a pond in Sumatra, and Mesocyclops jakartensis Alekseev n. sp. from a city pond in Jakarta, Java. In the pelagic zone of the lakes of Sulawesi we found only few copepod species. For the endemic cyclopoid Tropocyclops matanoensis Defaye, 2007, we propose a new subgenus, Defayeicyclops n. subg., and provide more data on the morphology as well as scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning images of Tropocyclops (Defayeicyclops) matanoensis. Two other cyclopoid species were possibly introduced to Sulawesi: Mesocyclops aequatorialis similis Van de Velde, 1984 from Africa and Thermocyclops crassus (Fischer, 1853) from Eurasia. A new subspecies, Phyllodiaptomus praedictus sulawesensis Alekseev et Vaillant n. ssp. (Calanoida, Diaptomidae), is described from the plankton of lake Tondano, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The new subspecies resembles P. blanci (de Guerne et Richard, 1896) and P. wellekensae Dumont et Reddy, 1992. Phyllodiaptomus praedictus sulawesensis appears to be endemic to Sulawesi island. The form matanensis formerly treated as a subspecies of Eodiaptomus wolterecki Brehm, 1933 is here elevated to species rank, E. matanensis Brehm, 1933. A preliminary list of the copepod species found in Sulawesi and other large islands of Indonesia now includes more than 60 species. An updated key to the Southeast Asian species of the genus Eucyclops is provided.

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Author Biographies

Victor R. Alekseev, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
Dep. Systematics aquatic invertebrates
Douglas G. Haffner, University of Windsor
Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research
James J. Vaillant, University of Windsor
Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research,
Fatimah M. Yusoff, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Institute of Bioscience,
Published
2013-10-29
Info
Issue
Section
Freshwater Invertebrates Congress
Supporting Agencies
NSERC, the RAS grant on Biodiversity, and grant RFBR N11-04-00195-а.
Keywords:
Copepoda, new species, subgenus Defayeicyclops, Indonesia.
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How to Cite
1.
Alekseev VR, Haffner DG, Vaillant JJ, Yusoff FM. Cyclopoid and calanoid copepod biodiversity in Indonesia. J Limnol [Internet]. 2013Oct.29 [cited 2020Oct.29];72(s2):e12. Available from: https://www.jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2013.s2.e12