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Photosynthetic response to nitrogen source and different ratios of nitrogen and phosphorus in toxic cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa FACHB-905

Guotao Peng, Zhengqiu Fan, Xiangrong Wang, Chen Chen
  • Guotao Peng
    Fudan University, China
  • Zhengqiu Fan
    Fudan University, China
  • Chen Chen
    Fudan University, China

Abstract

The frequent outbreak of cyanobacterial blooms has become a worldwide phenomenon in freshwater ecosystems. Studies have elucidated the close relationship between harmful algal blooms and nutrient contents, including the loading of nitrogen and the ratios of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). In this study, the effect of inorganic (nitrate and ammonium) and organic (urea) nitrogen at varied N/P ratios on the Microcystis aeruginosa FACHB-905 accumulation and photosynthesis was investigated.  The optimal NO3/P in this study were 30~50 indicated by the cell abundance (4.1×106/mL), pigment concentration (chlorophyll a 3.1 mg/L,  phycocyanin 8.3mg/L), and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters (rETR, Ek, α, φPSII and Fv/Fmvalues), while too high NO3-N (N/P=100:1) would cause an intracellular nitrate inhibition, leading to a decrease of photosynthetic activity. In addition, low concentration of NH4-N (N/P=4:1) would favor the M. aeruginosa growth and photosynthesis, and high NH4/P ratio (>16) would rise the ammonium toxicity of algal cells and affect the N assimilation. In urea treatments, M. aeruginosa responded similarly to the NH4-N treatments both in growth curves and pigment contents, and the favorable N/P ratio was between 16~30, suggested by the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. The results demonstrated that the various chemical forms of N and N/P ratios have a significant impact on Microcystis abundance and photosynthesis. More work is needed to figure out the mechanism of nitrogen utilization by Microcystis and  the photosynthetic response to nutrient stress at the molecular level.

Keywords

Microcystis; nitrogen form; N/P ratio; photosynthesis; chlorophyll fluorescence parameters.

Supporting Agencies

Project Investigation & Evaluation of Ecological Security in Cuijiaying Reservoir; Major Project Foundation of China National Social Science; Project Ecological Environmental Protection and Planning of Taiping Lake.

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Submitted: 2016-02-28 21:43:07
Published: 2016-06-07 00:00:00
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Copyright (c) 2016 Guotao Peng, Zhengqiu Fan, Xiangrong Wang, Chen Chen

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